• 伤感的句子
  • 优美的句子
  • 唯美的句子
  • 伤心的句子
  • 名言名句
  • 想念的句子
  • 励志签名
  • 个人签名
  • 感人的话
  • 爱情语录
  • 表白的话
  • 悲伤的句子
  • 搞笑语录
  • 爱情宣言
  • 表白的句子
  • 一句话
  • 经典语录
  • 励志的话
  • 伤心的个性签名
  • 有哲理的话
  • 句子大全
  • 当前位置: 蓬勃范文网 > 好词好句 > 句子大全 > 正文

    初中英语句子结构教案

    时间:2017-05-05来源:蓬勃范文网 本文已影响

    篇一:英语教案 句子成分与结构

    星海教育2016年暑假双流校区

    目标满分班 名师培优精讲

    第讲

    【教学标题】

    英语句子成分

    【教学目标】

    让学生完全掌握英语句子的成分问题,使学生能够更好的理解句子结构

    【教学重点】

    1.句子成分的划分

    2.句子的主要成分

    3.句子的次要成分

    4.作各个成分相应的词性

    【教学难点】

    1.句子的主要成分

    2.状语的识别

    3.定语的识别

    4.宾语补足语

    【教学内容】

    句子成分的定义:构成句子的各个部分叫做句子成分。

    句子成分有主要成分和次要成分:主要成分有主语和谓语;次要成分有表语、宾

    语、定语、状语、补足语和同位语。

    A.主语:主语是一个句子所叙述的主体,一般位于句首。但在there be结构、疑问句(当主语不疑问词时)和倒装句中,主语位于谓语、助动词或情态动词后面。主语可由名词、代词、数词、不定式、动名词、名词化的形容词和主语从句等表示。

    一句话语法: 主语由名词性的词来充当.

    例如:

    During the 1990s, American country music has become more and more popular.(名词)

    The students all love their English teacher.

    We often speak English in class.(代词)

    They go to school by bus.

    One-third of the students in this class are girls.(数词)

    To swim in the river is a great pleasure.(不定式)

    To see is to believe.

    Smoking does harm to the health.(动名词) Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes.

    It’s no use regretting it.

    The rich should help the poor.(名词化的形容词)

    When we are going to have an English test has not been decided.(主语从句) It is necessary to master a foreign language.(it作形式主语,真正的主语为后面的不定式)

    B.谓语:谓语说明主语所做的动作或具有的特征和状态。动词在句中作谓语,一般放在主语之后。注意动词不定式、动名词、分词为非谓语,不能作谓语。

    一句话语法: 谓语由动词充当。

    be动词,要么句子没有谓语动词.

    1、可作谓语的动词一般为行为动词(表动作)和连系动词(表状态),行为动词根据其后是否可直接接宾语,又可分为及物动词和不及物动词。

    (1)、及物动词作谓语

    We should help each other.

    They respect one another.

    All of the students like the novel.

    Did you see many people there?

    (2)、不及物动词作谓语

    He left here yesterday.

    You’re driving too fast.

    The teacher came in, book in hand.

    He went abroad in the September of 1988.

    (3)连系动词表状态

    He is an excellent teacher.

    Her son is a friend of ours.

    Ours is a great country.

    The box itself is not so heavy.

    2、谓语的构成如下:

    (1)、简单谓语:由一个动词或动词短语构成。如:He practices running every morning.

    (2)、复合谓语:(a)由情态动词或其他助动词加动词原形构成。注意:这里面的动词原形非常重要. 如:You may keep the book for two weeks. He has caught a bad cold. (b)由系动词加表语构成。如:We are students.

    C.表语:表语用以说明主语的身份、特征和状态,它一般位于系动词(如be, become, get, look, grow, turn, seem等)之后。表语一般由名词、代词、形容词、分词、数词、不定式、动名词、介词短语、副词及表语从句表示。

    一句话语法: 表语使用形容词,不用副词! 例如:

    Our teacher of English is an American.(名词)

    They are brother and sister.

    John is captain of the team.

    Is it yours?(代词) What I want to say is this.

    The poor boy was myself.

    The weather has turned cold.(形容词)

    The speech is exciting.(分词) Three times seven is twenty one?(数词)

    Her father is sixty-five. His job is to teach English.(不定式)

    All you need do is to take a taxi from the airport.

    His hobby(爱好)is playing football.(动名词)

    My favourite sport is swimming.

    The machine must be out of order.(介词短语)

    注意: 副词可以做表语的只有几个,非常简单,考试不考,所以上面说:表语使用形容词,不用副词! 我们所复习的语法直接针对高考,不是搞语法研究,这点请大家一定要记住。例如:

    Time is up. The class is over.(副词)

    The truth is that he has never been abroad.(表语从句)

    D.宾语:宾语表示动作的对象或承爱者,一般位于及物动词和介词后面。充当宾语的可以是名词、代词、动名词、动词不定式或整个句子。

    一句话语法:宾语由名词性的词充当,宾语分为动词宾语和介词宾语,分别构成动宾结构和介词结构,这点非常重要,务必要牢记.例如:

    They went to see an exhibition(展览)yesterday.(名词)

    The heavy rain prevented me form coming to school on time.(代词)

    How many dictionaries do you have? I have five.(数词)

    They helped the old with their housework yesterday.(名词化形容词)

    He pretended not to see me.(不定式短语)

    I enjoy listening to popular music.(动名词短语)

    I think(that)he is fit for his office.(宾语从句)

    宾语种类:(1)双宾语(间接宾语+直接宾语),例如:Lend me your dictionary, please.如果同学搞不清楚什么是双宾语,记下下面这个句子: give me a book.一人一物做宾语就是双宾语.说得白一点,双就是两个的意思.

    (2) 复合宾语(宾语+宾补),例如:They elected him their monitor.

    E.宾语补足语:英语中有些及物动词,除有一个直接宾语以外,还要有一个宾语补语,才能使句子的意义完整,宾语补足语与宾语之间存在逻辑上的主谓关系或动宾关系。

    带有宾语补足语的一般句型为:某些及物动词(如make等+宾语+宾补)。宾补可由名词、形容词、副词、不定式、分词、介词短语和从句充当。

    一句话语法: 宾语补足语使用形容词,不用副词.例如:

    His father named him Dongming.(名词)

    They painted their boat white.(形容词) You must keep it clean.

    Tom found the climb quite easy.

    Let the fresh air in.(副词)

    You mustn’t force him to lend his money to you.(不定式短语) I have a lot of work to do.

    She has plenty of clothes to wear.

    He made me repeat the story

    We saw her entering the room.(现在分词)I have the car waiting.

    Why don’t you have your hair cut?(-ed分词)

    We had the machine repaired.

    I had my watch stolen yesterday

    We found everything in the lab in good order.(介词短语)

    We will soon make our city what your city is now.(从句)

    篇二:初中英语句子成分及句子种类

    教学第一环节:衔接阶段

    ?回收上次课的教案,检查学生的作业,做判定

    ?了解学生上周学习的情况,查漏补缺,为后面的备课方向提供依据

    教学第二个环节:教学内容:句子成分与句子种类

    句子是由各种词类按照一定的语法规则组成的,可以表达完整的概念。句子开头第一个字

    母一定要大写,结尾要注明标点符号。

    一、句子的成分

    组成句子的各个部分叫作句子的成分。句子的成分有主语、谓语、表语、宾语(直接宾语和间接宾语)、宾语补足语、定语和状语。其中主语和谓语是句子的主体,表语、宾语和宾语 补足语是谓语的组成部分,其他成分如定语和状语是句子的次要部分。

    1 主语 表示所说的“是什么”或“是谁”,通常用名词、代词、不定式或相当于名词的词、短语或从句担任。主语要放在句首。

    To say is one thing, and to do is another.说是一回事,做是另一回事。(不定式作主语)

    What you said hurt me badly. 你所说的话深深地刺伤了我。(从句作主语)

    2 谓语 起着说明主语的动作、特征或状态的作用,必须用动词表示。谓语和主语在人称和数两方面要一致,通常在主语之后。谓语通常有三个表现形式:

    (1)动词或动词短语作谓语

    He studies hard. 他学习很努力。 The performance has already begun.演出已经开始。

    (2)谓语动词和宾语及宾语补语作谓语

    They are picking apples. 他们正在摘苹果。 He made us laugh heavily.他使我们大笑不止。

    (3)连系动词和表语作谓语 Her mother is an inspector. 她的母亲是一位检查官。

    It is getting dark. 天色渐渐地黑了下来。

    He is feeling well. 他现在感觉身体很好。

    句子成分巧划分 :主在前,谓在中,宾语、状语后面冲。短语定语主宾后,形、代定语主宾前。间宾直宾紧相依,直、间之间to、for连,宾补位于宾语后,地状常在时状前。

    3 表语 用于说明主语的性质、特征、身份或状态,可以由名词、形容词、副词、介词和不定式 以及相当于名词或形容词的词或短语来担任,表语要放在连系动词之后。

    Her job is to wash all the sheets and the clothes. 她的工作是洗这些床单和衣服。(不定式作表语) Teaching is learning.教学相长。(动名词作表语)

    4 宾语 是及物动词所示动作的对象或介词的对象,由名词、代词、不定式或相当于名词的词、 短语及从句都可以担任作宾语。宾语要放在谓语动词(及物动词)或介词之后。

    Do you enjoy living here? 你愿意住在这里吗? (动名词作宾语)

    I want only one.我只要一个。(数词作宾语)

    I don't think you are right.我认为你不对。(从句作宾语)

    注意:①某些及物动词之后要求有双宾语(即直接宾语和间接宾语), 直接宾语指物,间接宾语指人。这一类动词有:bring, give, pass, tell, hand, show, s end, read, leave, teach, find, buy, make, do,

    get, order, play, sing, pay等。

    She showed me a few magazines.她拿出了一些杂志给我看。

    I promised her a wonderful present on her birthday .我答应在她生日那天给她一件奇妙的礼物。

    ②在需要的情况下,间接宾语也可以位于直接宾语之后,但此时间接宾语之前需要加介词。

    She made me a sweater. (She made a sweater for me.) 她给我织了一件毛衣。

    He left her three children. (He left three children to her) 他给她留下三个孩子。

    ③有些及物动词的后面,其宾语还需要有一个补足语,才能表达完整的意思。这样的宾语和宾语补足语称为复合宾语。名词、形容词、不定式或介词短语都可以作宾语补足语。

    The couple named the baby Mary.(名词作宾 补) 这对夫妻给孩子取名叫玛丽。

    He made her unhappy. 他使她很不高兴。(形容词作宾补)

    “Let me out!”The boy cried.“让我出去!”那男孩喊道。(副词作宾补)

    She saw a man in front of the gate.她看见门外有一个男人。(介词短语作宾补)

    She often helps me do the housework.她经常帮助我做家务。(不定式作宾补)

    I kept you waiting for half an hour.我让你等了半个小时。(动名词作宾补)

    5 状语

    状语用于修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子。通常表示行为发生的时间、地点、目的、方 式、程度等。状语一般由副词、介词短语、分词和分词短语、不定式或相当于副词的词或短 语来担当。其位置一般放在句末,但也可放在句首或句中。

    She drove fast.(副词作状语)她把车开得飞快。

    There is a shelter under the post office.

    在邮局的地底下,有一个掩蔽所。(介词短语作状语)

    To liberate our country, they devoted their lives.

    为了解放祖国,他们献出了生命。(不定式短语作状语)

    Seeing his old mother, the man went towards her and threw himself on his knees.

    那人一看见年迈的母亲就跑上前去跪倒在她面前。(分词短语作状语)

    It was blowing hard when she was on her way home yesterday.

    昨天她回家的路上,风刮得正大。(从句作状语)

    6 定语

    定语用于修饰名词或代词。可以担任定语的有形容词、代词、名词、数词、名词所有格、副 词、不定式、分词和分词短语、介词短语及从句等等。定语的位置很灵活,凡有名词和代词 的地方都可以有定语。

    The man outside the teacher's office is his father.办公室外面的那人是他的父亲。(介词短语作定语) I'll have a lot of clothes to wash this Saturday. 这个星期六我要洗好多衣服。(不定式作定语)

    Will you say something about your travelling experience? (动名词作定语)

    The woman who is singing on the stage is her aunt.(从句作定语)正在台上演唱的那女人是她姑姑。

    二、句子的种类

    (一)、简单句

    简单句只包含一个主谓结构,并且各个结构都是由单词或短语组成,不包含任何从句。有五种

    基本句型。

    1.主语+谓语(不及物动词)

    The new term begins. 新学期开始了。

    2.主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语

    The girl is learning to play the piano.这个女孩在学弹钢琴。

    3.主语+连系动词+表语

    The rice got burned。 饭焖煳了。

    4.主语+谓语(及物动词)+间接宾语+直接宾语

    He bought her a watch. 他给她买了一块表。

    5. 主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语+宾语补语

    We all believed you honest. 我们都认为你是诚实的。

    二、并列句(简单句+连词+简单句)

    并列句是由两个或多个简单句连接而成的。其中的各个简单句并列平行,同等重要,相互之 间

    没有从属关系,能够独立成句。它们之间要用连词连接。并列句可分为四种:

    1.表示相同关系用连词或逗号、分号连接构成并列句。常用连词有:and, not only...but also..., neither...nor...

    Susan not only runs fast, but also jumps high. 苏姗不但跑得快,而且跳得高。

    I could neither swim nor skate. 我既不会游泳,也不会滑冰。

    2.表示转折关系 常用连词有:but, still, yet, while等。

    It was late at night, but he went on doing his homework.夜已深了,但是他还在继续做作业。

    She was busy cooking while they were watching TV.她忙着做饭,而他们却在看电视。

    The film is not perfect, still, it's good.这部影片虽然不是无可挑剔,但还是好的。

    3.表示选择关系 常用连词为:or, either...or...。

    The teacher wanted to see either his father or mother.老师要见一下他的父亲或是母亲。

    Either this road or that on e can lead you to that hospital.这条路或那条路都通往那家医院。

    Hurry up,or you'll miss the train.

    4.表示因果关系 常用连词有for和so。

    We hurried to the railway station, for there was little time for the train to leave.

    我们急忙赶往车站,因为火车很快就要开了。

    The teacher asked Susan to go, so she went( did).老师让苏姗到她那去,因此她就去了。

    三、复合句(主句+连词+从句)

    包含一个主句,一个或一个以上的从句的句子叫复合句。从句从属于主句并充当主句的某一成

    分,如主语,表语,宾语,定语,状语等。中考主要考宾语、定语、状语从句。注意引导词、

    语序和时态。

    教学第三个环节:巩固练习 同义句转换

    1.There is only a chair in the room.(同义句转换)

    There is _________ _________a chair in the room..

    2. Mrs.Smith is busy. She is doing her housework now.

    Mrs.Smith is_________ _________ her housework now.

    3.The teacher said,“Don’t cheat in exams,children!”

    The teacher told the children _________ _________ cheat in exams.

    4.Nick was so tired that he couldn’t walk any further. 全品中考网

    Nick was _____________________________ any further.

    5.We can’t finish the project on time unless you support us.

    The project can’t be finished on time ______________________________.

    6.Shall we watch the exciting ping-pong match together?

    ______________________________watch the exciting ping-pong match together?

    7.My cousin usually walks to school every morning. (改为同义句)

    My cousin usually goes to school __________________ every morning. (对划线部分提问)

    __________ _________is your friend?

    9. “Are you going to visit Zi Gong next Week?”Father asked me.(改为间接引语)

    Father asked me __________I________going to visit Zi Gong next week. (对划线部分提问)

    ___________ _________you use to stay on family holidays?

    11.James spent ten years making this amazing film(保持句意基本不变)

    __________ _________James ten years to make this amazing film.

    12.Chris has gone to South Africa to enjoy the 2010 World Cup.

    Karen has gone to South Africa to enjoy the 2010 World Cup, too. (合并为一句)

    _________Chris _________Karen have gone to South Africa to enjoy the 2010 World Cup.

    13.Visitors love this city because it has historical sights and delicious food.(改为简单句)

    Visitors love this city___________________its historical sights and delicious food.

    14. (对划线部分提问)

    ___________________from Fukang to Unmnqi by bus? (对划线部分提问)

    _______________this new computer __________________?

    16、不同句子结构的转换,主要指简单句、并列句和复合句间的转换

    1)We found him a good pupil. We found _____________ _______ a good pupil.

    2)The room is so small that my family can't live in it.

    The room isn't ______ _______ ____ my family ___ live in.

    The room is ______ small ________ my family _______ live in.

    3)His grandfather died ten years ago. It ____ ten years ___ his grandfather ______ .

    4)I'm not sure what I should do next. I'm not sure _____ ___ ____ next.

    5)Hurry up, or you'll miss the train. ___ you ___ hurry up, you'll miss the train.

    17、根据句意的转换

    1) Yesterday everyone of us went to the farm except Lucy.

    ________ Lucy _______ go to the farm with us yesterday.

    2)Sam is friendly to his classmates and his classmates are friendly to him.

    Sam _______ ______ well with his classmates.

    4)English is spoken by the largest number of people in the world.

    English _____ the largest number of ________ in the world.

    5)It's your turn to do it. It's _____ ____ you to do it.

    6) It rained heavily last night.There ______ _____ _____ last night.

    7) The building is beautiful and there are many tall trees around it.

    The building _____ many tall trees all _______ is beautiful.

    8) I spent two hours reading the book yesterday.

    _____ ______ me two hours ______ _____ the book yesterday.

    9) He bought the book two weeks ago. He _____ _____ the book ____ two weeks.

    10) You're very kind to help me with my maths.

    _____very kind ___ you ___ help me with my maths.

    11) My grandfather died ten years ago.

    My grandfather ______ ______ ______ ______ ten years ago.

    12) I think it is different from Chinese names. I don't think it is _____ _____ as Chinese names.

    13) They planted millions of trees to save the farmland.

    They planted millions of trees _____ _____ the farmland _____ ____ saved.

    15)The man thinks the same as I.The man ______ ______ me.

    教学第五个环节:教学拓展

    由主语、谓语动词、表语、宾语、宾语补足语等句子成分,按不同方式可组合成五种基本句型: 3)Lily was born ten minutes earlier than I was.I am ten minutes _______ than Lily. 14)Spring goes on from March to May.Spring _______ from March ________ May. (句子成分的表示方法:S: Subject主语;V: Verb动词;O: Object宾语;P: Predica tive表语;OC: Object Complement宾语补足语;InO: Indirect Object间接宾语;DO:Direct Object 直接宾语)

    第一种:S+V(主语+谓语动词)The boy sleeps. 孩子睡了。

    第二种:S+V+O(主语+谓语动词+宾语)He plays the violin. 他演奏小提琴。

    第三种:S+V+P(主语+连系动词+表语) She is a doctor. 她是医生。

    第四种:S+V+InO+DO(主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语)

    I gave her a present. 我给了她一件礼物。

    第五种:S+V+O+OC(主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补语)

    We call him Jack 我们都叫他杰克。

    注意:一些不及物动词之后加上介词就可以具有及物动词的功能,其后就可以接宾语了。这一类词组有:

    listen to 听; look at 看;look after 照看;turn on 打开;turn off 关上;look for 寻找;live on

    篇三:初中英语句子结构

    英语句子成分和英语句子结构讲解及练习

    1. 主语(subject) 句子说明的人或事物。

    The sun rises in the east. (名词)

    He likes dancing. (代词)

    Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词)

    Seeing is believing. (动名词)

    To see is to believe. (不定式)

    What he needs is a book. (主语从句)

    It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree. (It形式主语,主语从句是真正主语)

    2. 谓语(predicate) 说明主语的动作、状态和特征。

    We study English.

    He is asleep.

    3. 表语(pre

    初中英语句子结构教案

    dicative) 系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。

    He is a teacher. (名词)

    Five and five is ten. (数词)

    He is asleep. (形容词)

    His father is in. (副词)

    The picture is on the wall. ( 介词短语)

    My watch is gone / missing / lost. (形容词化的分词)

    To wear a flower is to say “I’m poor, I can’t buy a ring. (不定式)

    The question is whether they will come. (表语从句)

    (常见的系动词有 be, sound(听起来), look(看起来), feel(摸起来,smell(闻起来), taste(尝、吃起来), remain(保持,仍是), feel(感觉) ...

    It sounds a good idea.

    Her voice sounds sweet.

    Tom looks thin.

    The food smells delicious.

    The door remains open.

    4. 宾语:

    1)动作的承受者-----动宾

    I like China. (名词)

    He hates you. (代词)

    We need two. (数词)

    We should help the old and the poor.

    I enjoy working with you. (动名词)

    I hope to see you again. (不定式)

    Did you write down what he said (宾语从句)

    2) 介词后的名词、代词和动名词-----介宾

    Are you afraid of the snake.

    Under the snow, there are many rocks.

    3) 双宾语-----间宾(指人)和直宾(指物)

    He gave me a book yesterday.

    Give the poor man some money.

    5. 宾补:对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。

    We elected him monitor. (名词)

    We all think it a pity that she didn’t come here. (名词)

    We will make them happy. (形容词)

    We found nobody in. (副词)

    Please make yourself at home. 介词短语)

    Don’t let him do that. (省to不定式)

    His father advised him to teach the lazy boy a lesson. (带to不定式)

    Don’t keep the lights burning. (现在分词)

    I’ll have my bike repaired. (过去分词)

    6. 主补:对主语的补充。

    He was elected monitor.

    She was found singing in the next room.

    He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.

    7. 定语:修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或句子。

    Yanling is a chemistry teacher.(名词)

    He is our friend. (代词)

    We belong to the third world. (数词)

    He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.(形容词)

    The man over there is my old friend.(副词)

    The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister. (介词)

    The boys playing football are in Class 2. (现在分词)

    The trees planted last year are growing well now. (过去分词)

    I have an idea to do it well. (不定式)

    You should do everything that I do. (定语从句)

    8. 状语:用来修饰v., adj., adv., 或者句子。 表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、程度、条件、方式和让步。

    (以下例句按上述顺序排列)

    I will go there tomorrow.

    The meeting will be held in the meeting room.

    The meat went bad because of the hot weather.

    He studies hard to learn English well.

    He didn’t study hard so that he failed in the exam.

    I like some of you very much.

    If you study hard, you will pass the exam.

    He goes to school by bike.

    Though he is young, he can do it well.

    基本句子结构

    简单句的五个基本句型

    主语 + 谓语 She came./ My head aches.

    主语 + 谓语 +宾语She likes English.

    主语 + 系动词 +表语 She is happy.

    主语 + 谓语 +间接宾语 +直接宾语She gave John a book.

    She bought a book for me.

    主语 + 谓语 + 宾语 + 宾语补语 She makes her mother angry.

    The teacher asked me to read the passage.

    There +be There lies a book on the desk.

    相关热词搜索:句子 教案 初中英语 结构 初中英语句子结构 初中英语句子结构ppt

    • 初中英语句子结构教案 相关文章: